Block-Periodized Training Improves Physiological and Tactically Relevant Performance in Naval Special Warfare Operators.

Journal Article

Human performance training and prevention strategies are necessary to promote physical readiness and mitigate musculoskeletal injuries of the Naval Special Warfare (NSW) Operator. The purpose of this study was to measure the effectiveness of 2 training programs when performed during a training evolution of Operators. A total of 85 Operators (experimental: n = 46, age: 29.4 ± 5.5 years, height: 176.7 ± 6.4 cm, mass: 86.7 ± 11.6 kg; control: n = 39, age: 29.0 ± 6.0 years, height: 177.1 ± 6.3 cm, mass: 85.7 ± 12.5 kg) participated in a trial to measure the effectiveness of these programs to improve physical, physiological, and performance characteristics. Operators in the experimental group performed a 12-week block-periodized program, whereas those in the control group performed a nonlinear periodized program. Pretesting/posttesting was performed to assess body composition, aerobic capacity/lactate threshold, muscular strength, flexibility, landing biomechanics, postural stability, and tactically relevant performance. The experimental group demonstrated a significant loss in body fat, fat mass, and body mass compared with the control group, whereas aerobic capacity increased for the both groups. The experimental group demonstrated a significant increase in posterior shoulder flexibility and ankle dorsiflexion, whereas the control group had a significant reduction in shoulder, knee, and ankle flexibility. The experimental group also improved landing strategies and balance. Both groups improved upper and lower muscular power and upper-body muscular endurance, whereas only the experimental group demonstrated significant improvements in agility and total body muscular strength. Implementation of a population-specific training program provides structured and progressive training effectively and promotes physical readiness concurrently with tactical training without overload.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Abt, JP; Oliver, JM; Nagai, T; Sell, TC; Lovalekar, MT; Beals, K; Wood, DE; Lephart, SM

Published Date

  • January 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 30 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 39 - 52

PubMed ID

  • 26154155

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1533-4287

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1064-8011

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1519/jsc.0000000000001082

Language

  • eng