Minimal additional weight of combat equipment alters air assault soldiers' landing biomechanics.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The additional weight of combat and protective equipment carried by soldiers on the battlefield and insufficient adaptations to this weight may increase the risk of musculoskeletal injury. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of the additional weight of equipment on knee kinematics and vertical ground reaction forces (VGRF) during two-legged drop landings. We tested kinematics and VGRF of 70 air assault soldiers performing drop landings with and without wearing the equipment. Maximum knee flexion angles, maximum vertical ground reaction forces, and the time from initial contact to these maximum values all increased with the additional weight of equipment. Proper landing technique, additional weight (perhaps in the form of combat and protective equipment), and eccentric strengthening of the hips and knees should be integrated into soldiers' training to induce musculoskeletal and biomechanical adaptations to reduce the risk of musculoskeletal injury during two-legged drop landing maneuvers.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Sell, TC; Chu, Y; Abt, JP; Nagai, T; Deluzio, J; McGrail, MA; Rowe, RS; Lephart, SM

Published Date

  • January 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 175 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 41 - 47

PubMed ID

  • 20108841

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0026-4075

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.7205/milmed-d-09-00066


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England