The cellular lipids of Romboutsia.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

We have examined the lipids of three isolates, Romboutsia lituseburensis, Romboutsia ilealis, and Romboutsia sp. strain FRIFI, of the newly described genus Romboutsia by two-dimensional thin-layer chromatography (2D-TLC) and by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS). We have found three phospholipids, phosphatidylglycerol (PG), cardiolipin and phosphatidic acid in all three species. A fourth phospholipid, lysyl-PG, was found in R. lituseburensis and strain FRIFI. Polyprenyl-phosphates were identified in the lipid extracts of all three species. Three glycolipids, mono-, di- and tri-hexosyldiacylglycerol, were common to all three species. An additional glycolipid, tetrahexosyl-diacylglycerol was identified in strain FRIFI. Acylated trihexosyldiacylglycerol and acyl-tetrahexosydiacylglycerol were also found in R. ilealis and strain FRIFI. Remarkably, no alk-1-enyl ether lipids (plasmalogens) were present in Romboutsia as distinct from bacteria of the related genus Clostridium in which these ether lipids are common. We have compared the lipidome of Romboutsia with that recently described for Clostridium difficile, which has plasmalogens, no lysyl-PG, and no tetrahexosyl-diacylglycerol. According to 16S rRNA gene sequencing, Romboutsia spp. and C. difficile are closely related (>95% sequence identity).

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Guan, Z; Chen, L; Gerritsen, J; Smidt, H; Goldfine, H

Published Date

  • September 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 1861 / 9 Pt A

Start / End Page

  • 1076 - 1082

PubMed ID

  • 27317428

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC5000553

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0006-3002

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.bbalip.2016.06.006


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands