Comparison of topical dry eye medications for the treatment of keratoconjunctivitis sicca in a botulinum toxin B-induced mouse model.
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of topical dry eye medications including anti-inflammatory agents and lubricant eyedrops for the treatment of keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) in a botulinum toxin B (BTX-B)-induced mouse model. METHODS: CBA mice were randomized into 10 groups. The first 5 groups received a transconjunctival injection of saline into the lacrimal gland, and the remaining groups were injected with 0.05 mL of 20 mU BTX-B. Each group received treatment with 0.1% fluorometholone (FML), 0.05% cyclosporine A (CsA), a 50:50 combination of FML and CsA, artificial tears, or saline 3 days after injections. Tear production, corneal staining, and blink rate were compared in each of the 10 groups. RESULTS: Tear production in BTX-B-injected CsA-treated, FML-treated, and combined-treated groups started to return to baseline level within 2 weeks of treatment, whereas those treated with saline or artificial tears still exhibited reduction of lacrimation up to 4 weeks after injection. Topical FML significantly reversed the staining score within 1 week of treatment. The improvement of corneal staining in BTX-B-challenged combined-treated and CsA-treated groups occurred later within 2 weeks after treatment. No significant improvement in corneal staining was observed for the BTX-B-injected mice treated with artificial tears or saline. No significant changes were noted in blink frequency between the control and study groups undergoing the various dry eye therapies. CONCLUSION: The therapeutic effects of dry eye medications in a BTX-B-induced mouse model of KCS are similar to the human response.
Lekhanont, K; Leyngold, IM; Suwan-Apichon, O; Rangsin, R; Chuck, RS
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