Definitive dose thoracic radiation therapy in oligometastatic non-small cell lung cancer: A hypothesis-generating study.
PURPOSE: A subset of patients with minimal extrathoracic disease may benefit from aggressive primary tumor treatment. We report comparative outcomes in oligometastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with and without definitive, conventionally fractionated thoracic radiation therapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We identified consecutive patients with stage IV NSCLC who had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status ≤2 and ≤4 total sites of metastatic disease and who had been prescribed ≥50 Gy of thoracic radiation. RESULTS: Twenty-nine patients with oligometastatic NSCLC were identified between January 2004 and August 2010. Median survival was 22 months from diagnosis. Four patients (14%) experienced pneumonitis greater than or equal to grade 3; 6 (21%) had esophagitis greater than or equal to grade 3. Local control was associated with improved survival (P = .02). In matched subset analysis, median survival was 9 months (P < .01) in patients who received chemotherapy alone. Median time to local failure was 18 versus 6 months (P = .01). On multivariable analysis, radiation (P < .01; odds ratio [OR], 0.33), fewer metastases (P < .01; OR, 2.14), and female sex (P < .01; OR, 0.41) were associated with improved survival. CONCLUSIONS: Definitive dose radiation therapy may improve survival in a select subset of patients with minimal extrathoracic disease in whom local progression is of primary concern. Prospective trials are needed to further evaluate the role of local control in oligometastatic NSCLC.
Xanthopoulos, EP; Handorf, E; Simone, CB; Grover, S; Fernandes, AT; Sharma, S; Corradetti, MN; Evans, TL; Langer, CJ; Mitra, N; Shah, A; Apisarnthanarax, S; Lin, LL; Rengan, R
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