The utility of sestamibi scanning in the operative management of patients with primary hyperparathyroidism.
BACKGROUND: The role of imaging studies before parathyroidectomy has been extensively debated and recent advances in unilateral parathyroidectomy intensify this controversy. The purpose of this study was to review the parathyroidectomy experience of a single surgeon, looking at the role of sestamibi scans and a standard postoperative care regimen. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of office and hospital charts was completed on 90 patients with primary hyperparathyroidism who underwent parathyroidectomy from 1991 to 1998. Patient workup and outcomes were noted, as were results of preoperative imaging. True-positive scans visualized an abnormality ipsilateral to the adenoma found at operation. Statistics were performed using nonparametric testing and Student's t-test. RESULTS: There were 21 male and 69 female patients, with an average age of 54 years (range 29 to 81). There were zero mortalities, three morbidities (3.3%), and three patients who had persistent hypercalcemia, yielding a 96.7% success rate. Sixty-seven patients underwent preoperative sestamibi scanning, with a sensitivity of 74% and positive predictive value of 89%. Operative time in imaged patients averaged 103 +/- 49.9 minutes versus 121.5 +/- 85.9 minutes for patients without sestamibi scans. Operating time differences were not statistically significant and a preoperative sestamibi scan did not affect the success of parathyroidectomy. Discharge on postoperative day 1 was accomplished in 80% of patients and 13% were discharged the next day. There was no morbidity from hypocalcemia. CONCLUSIONS: A preoperative sestamibi scan does not improve efficacy or decrease operating time for primary hyperparathyroidism when bilateral neck exploration is performed. A postoperative care protocol including oral calcium and vitamin D supplementation allows the majority of patients to be discharged on postoperative day 1 with excellent results.
Dillavou, ED; Jenoff, JS; Intenzo, CM; Cohn, HE
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