Oxidative stress in diseases of the human cornea.
Intense exposure to light, robust metabolic activity, and high oxygen tension render the human eye particularly vulnerable to oxidative damage and the list of ophthalmological disorders implicating reactive oxygen and nitrogen species is rapidly expanding. Here, we review the roles of oxidative stress in the etiopathogeneses and pathophysiology of diseases of the human cornea including pterygium, keratoconus, trauma and chemical injury, and a host of inflammatory, metabolic, degenerative, and iatrogenic conditions. Data from animal and tissue culture experimentation germane to these conditions are also adduced.
Shoham, A; Hadziahmetovic, M; Dunaief, JL; Mydlarski, MB; Schipper, HM
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