Time Course and Size of Blood-Brain Barrier Opening in a Mouse Model of Blast-Induced Traumatic Brain Injury.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

An increasing number of studies have reported blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction after blast-induced traumatic brain injury (bTBI). Despite this evidence, there is limited quantitative understanding of the extent of BBB opening and the time course of damage after blast injury. In addition, many studies do not report kinematic parameters of head motion, making it difficult to separate contributions of primary and tertiary blast-loading. Detailed characterization of blast-induced BBB damage may hold important implications for serum constituents that may potentially cross the compromised barrier and contribute to neurotoxicity, neuroinflammation, and persistent neurologic deficits. Using an in vivo bTBI model, systemic administration of sodium fluorescein (NaFl; 376 Da), Evans blue (EB; 69 kDa when bound to serum albumin), and dextrans (3-500 kDa) was used to estimate the pore size of BBB opening and the time required for recovery. Exposure to blast with 272 ± 6 kPa peak overpressure, 0.69 ± 0.01 ms duration, and 65 ± 1 kPa*ms impulse resulted in significant acute extravasation of NaFl, 3 kDa dextran, and EB. However, there was no significant acute extravasation of 70 kDa or 500 kDa dextrans, and minimal to no extravasation of NaFl, dextrans, or EB 1 day after exposure. This study presents a detailed analysis of the time course and pore size of BBB opening after bTBI, supported by a characterization of kinematic parameters associated with blast-induced head motion.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hue, CD; Cho, FS; Cao, S; Nicholls, RE; Vogel Iii, EW; Sibindi, C; Arancio, O; Dale Bass, CR; Meaney, DF; Morrison Iii, B

Published Date

  • July 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 33 / 13

Start / End Page

  • 1202 - 1211

PubMed ID

  • 26414212

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1557-9042

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0897-7151

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1089/neu.2015.4067


  • eng