Free Flap Functional Muscle Transfers.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

Free functional muscle transfers remain a powerful reconstructive tool to restore upper extremity function when other options such as tendon or nerve transfers are not available. This reconstructive technique is commonly used for patients following trauma, ischemic contractures, and brachial plexopathies. Variable outcomes have been reported following free functional muscle transfers that are related to motor nerve availability and reinnervation. This article highlights considerations around donor motor nerve selection, dissection, and use of the gracilis muscle, and the surgical approach to performing a free functional muscle transfer to restore elbow flexion and/or digit flexion.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Garcia, RM; Ruch, DS

Published Date

  • August 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 32 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 397 - 405

PubMed ID

  • 27387083

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1558-1969

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.hcl.2016.03.009


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States