Thyroid hormone-mediated autophagy and mitochondrial turnover in NAFLD.

Published online

Journal Article (Review)

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a fast-growing silent epidemic that is present in both developed and developing countries. Initially thought as a benign deposition of lipids in the liver, it now has been shown to be a major risk factor for type II diabetes and one of the leading causes of cirrhosis. Recent findings suggest that dysregulation of mitochondrial homeostasis and autophagy play critical roles in the hepatocyte injury and insulin resistance of NAFLD. Thyroid hormone (TH) is a major stimulator of hepatic autophagy and mitochondrial function. Decreased TH action has been associated with NAFLD in man. In this review, we highlight some of the new discoveries that demonstrate the roles of TH in hepatic mitochondrial homeostasis via mitophagy and their implications for NAFLD.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Sinha, RA; Yen, PM

Published Date

  • 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 6 /

Start / End Page

  • 46 -

PubMed ID

  • 27437098

Pubmed Central ID

  • 27437098

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2045-3701

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1186/s13578-016-0113-7

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England