Quantifying uncertainty in Gulf of Mexico forecasts stemming from uncertain initial conditions


Journal Article

© 2016. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. Polynomial Chaos (PC) methods are used to quantify the impacts of initial conditions uncertainties on oceanic forecasts of the Gulf of Mexico circulation. Empirical Orthogonal Functions are used as initial conditions perturbations with their modal amplitudes considered as uniformly distributed uncertain random variables. These perturbations impact primarily the Loop Current system and several frontal eddies located in its vicinity. A small ensemble is used to sample the space of the modal amplitudes and to construct a surrogate for the evolution of the model predictions via a nonintrusive Galerkin projection. The analysis of the surrogate yields verification measures for the surrogate's reliability and statistical information for the model output. A variance analysis indicates that the sea surface height predictability in the vicinity of the Loop Current is limited to about 20 days.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Iskandarani, M; Le Hénaff, M; Thacker, WC; Srinivasan, A; Knio, OM

Published Date

  • July 1, 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 121 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 4819 - 4832

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2169-9291

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2169-9275

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/2015JC011573

Citation Source

  • Scopus