Growing timescales and lengthscales characterizing vibrations of amorphous solids.

Journal Article

Low-temperature properties of crystalline solids can be understood using harmonic perturbations around a perfect lattice, as in Debye's theory. Low-temperature properties of amorphous solids, however, strongly depart from such descriptions, displaying enhanced transport, activated slow dynamics across energy barriers, excess vibrational modes with respect to Debye's theory (i.e., a boson peak), and complex irreversible responses to small mechanical deformations. These experimental observations indirectly suggest that the dynamics of amorphous solids becomes anomalous at low temperatures. Here, we present direct numerical evidence that vibrations change nature at a well-defined location deep inside the glass phase of a simple glass former. We provide a real-space description of this transition and of the rapidly growing time- and lengthscales that accompany it. Our results provide the seed for a universal understanding of low-temperature glass anomalies within the theoretical framework of the recently discovered Gardner phase transition.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Berthier, L; Charbonneau, P; Jin, Y; Parisi, G; Seoane, B; Zamponi, F

Published Date

  • July 8, 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 113 / 30

Start / End Page

  • 8397 - 8401

PubMed ID

  • 27402768

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1091-6490

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0027-8424

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1073/pnas.1607730113

Language

  • eng