What Do White Counselors and Psychotherapists Need to Know About Race? White Racial Socialization in Counseling and Psychotherapy Training Programs


Journal Article

© 2015, Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Multicultural training in academic counseling and psychotherapy programs is often designed to address the needs of minority populations, and it rarely places Whiteness in the spotlight. Its structure, in fact, risks mirroring the very dynamics embedded in White privilege. Using the framework of feminist theory, we build on key findings on White racial socialization—which has a profound impact on the quality of communication and interaction within and across racial groups—to outline the skills and awareness needed for White counselors and psychotherapists to promote racial justice in both their individual/counseling and community/advocacy work.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Bartoli, E; Bentley-Edwards, KL; García, AM; Michael, A; Ervin, A

Published Date

  • January 1, 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 38 / 3-4

Start / End Page

  • 246 - 262

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1541-0315

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0270-3149

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/02703149.2015.1059206

Citation Source

  • Scopus