Early Word Comprehension in Infants: Replication and Extension.

Journal Article

A handful of recent experimental reports have shown that infants of 6 to 9 months know the meanings of some common words. Here, we replicate and extend these findings. With a new set of items, we show that when young infants (age 6-16 months, n=49) are presented with side-by-side video clips depicting various common early words, and one clip is named in a sentence, they look at the named video at above-chance rates. We demonstrate anew that infants understand common words by 6-9 months, and that performance increases substantially around 14 months. The results imply that 6-9 month olds' failure to understand words not referring to objects (verbs, adjectives, performatives) in a similar prior study is not attributable to the use of dynamic video depictions. Thus, 6-9 month olds' experience of spoken language includes some understanding of common words for concrete objects, but relatively impoverished comprehension of other words.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Bergelson, E; Swingley, D

Published Date

  • January 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 11 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 369 - 380

PubMed ID

  • 26664329

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1547-3341

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1547-5441

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/15475441.2014.979387

Language

  • eng