Time-Gating-Based Time Reversal Imaging for Impulse Borehole Radar in Layered Media
© 1980-2012 IEEE. In this paper, the formulation of reverse time migration (RTM) is improved for impulse borehole radar imaging in the subsurface scenarios with layered media. By fully adopting the prior information of surrounding media, the time gating function is designed and applied to the incident wave field and scattering wave field for each imaging point, which strengthens the correlation between the wave fields in the time domain. The clutters partly caused by the multiple reflections between different media layers are suppressed due to the gating function. A normalized zero-offset cross correlation with gated samples is conducted and used to weight the result of RTM. The improved approach is compared with the conventional RTM, the back-projection method, and the Stolt migration algorithm with synthetic data and is then validated by a single-borehole radar experiment in a layered media scenario. The results demonstrate that the developed approach is superior to the conventional methods in locating targets and robust in complex subsurface environments.
Yang, H; Li, T; Li, N; He, Z; Liu, QH
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