Current and Emerging Surgical Therapies for Severe Pediatric Epilepsies.
The use of epilepsy surgery in various medically resistant epilepsies is well established. For patients with intractable pediatric epilepsy, the role of intracranial electrodes, resective surgery, hemispherectomy, corpus callosotomy, neurostimulation, and multiple subpial transections continues to be very effective in select cases. Newer treatment and diagnostic methods include laser thermal ablation, minimally invasive surgeries, stereo electroencephalography, electrocorticography, and other emerging techniques. This article will review the established and emerging surgical therapies for severe pediatric epilepsies, their respective indications and overall efficacy.
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