Dynamic Response and Residual Helmet Liner Crush Using Cadaver Heads and Standard Headforms.

Published

Journal Article

Biomechanical headforms are used for helmet certification testing and reconstructing helmeted head impacts; however, their biofidelity and direct applicability to human head and helmet responses remain unclear. Dynamic responses of cadaver heads and three headforms and residual foam liner deformations were compared during motorcycle helmet impacts. Instrumented, helmeted heads/headforms were dropped onto the forehead region against an instrumented flat anvil at 75, 150, and 195 J. Helmets were CT scanned to quantify maximum liner crush depth and crush volume. General linear models were used to quantify the effect of head type and impact energy on linear acceleration, head injury criterion (HIC), force, maximum liner crush depth, and liner crush volume and regression models were used to quantify the relationship between acceleration and both maximum crush depth and crush volume. The cadaver heads generated larger peak accelerations than all three headforms, larger HICs than the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), larger forces than the Hybrid III and ISO, larger maximum crush depth than the ISO, and larger crush volumes than the DOT. These significant differences between the cadaver heads and headforms need to be accounted for when attempting to estimate an impact exposure using a helmet's residual crush depth or volume.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Bonin, SJ; Luck, JF; Bass, CR; Gardiner, JC; Onar-Thomas, A; Asfour, SS; Siegmund, GP

Published Date

  • March 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 45 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 656 - 667

PubMed ID

  • 27554673

Pubmed Central ID

  • 27554673

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1573-9686

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0090-6964

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s10439-016-1712-5

Language

  • eng