Simultaneous Implantation of an Ahmed and Baerveldt Glaucoma Drainage Device for Uncontrolled Intraocular Pressure in Advanced Glaucoma.
PURPOSE: To evaluate efficacy and safety of a novel technique, simultaneous implantation of Ahmed and Baerveldt shunts, for improved control of intraocular pressure (IOP) in advanced glaucoma with visual field defects threatening central fixation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective case series; all patients receiving simultaneous Ahmed and Baerveldt implantation at a single institution between October 2004 and October 2009 were included. Records were reviewed preoperatively and at postoperative day 1, week 1, month 1, month 3, month 6, year 1, and yearly until year 5. Outcome measures included IOP, best-corrected visual acuity, visual field mean deviation, cup to disc ratio, number of glaucoma medications, and complications. RESULTS: Fifty-nine eyes were identified; mean (±SD) follow-up was 26±23 months. Primary open-angle glaucoma was most common (n=37, 63%). Forty-six eyes (78%) had prior incisional surgery. Mean preoperative IOP was 25.5±9.8 mm Hg. IOP was reduced 50% day 1 (P<0.001, mean 12.7±7.0 mm Hg), which persisted throughout follow-up. At year 1, cup to disc ratio and mean deviation were stable with decreased best-corrected visual acuity from logMAR 0.72±0.72(20/100) to 1.06±1.13(20/200) (P=0.007). The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed median and mean survival of 1205 and 829±91 days, respectively. Complication rate was 47%. CONCLUSIONS: IOP is markedly reduced postoperative day 1 following double glaucoma tube implantation with effects persisting over postoperative year 1 and up to year 5. Complications were higher than that seen in reports of single shunt implantation, which may be explained by patient complexity in this cohort. This technique may prove a promising novel approach for management of uncontrolled IOP in advanced glaucoma.
Rao, VS; Christenbury, J; Lee, P; Allingham, R; Herndon, L; Challa, P
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