Overlapping Chronic Pain Conditions: Implications for Diagnosis and Classification.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

UNLABELLED: There is increasing recognition that many if not most common chronic pain conditions are heterogeneous with a high degree of overlap or coprevalence of other common pain conditions along with influences from biopsychosocial factors. At present, very little attention is given to the high degree of overlap of many common pain conditions when recruiting for clinical trials. As such, many if not most patients enrolled into clinical studies are not representative of most chronic pain patients. The failure to account for the heterogeneous and overlapping nature of most common pain conditions may result in treatment responses of small effect size when these treatments are administered to patients with chronic overlapping pain conditions (COPCs) represented in the general population. In this brief review we describe the concept of COPCs and the putative mechanisms underlying COPCs. Finally, we present a series of recommendations that will advance our understanding of COPCs. PERSPECTIVE: This brief review describes the concept of COPCs. A mechanism-based heuristic model is presented and current knowledge and evidence for COPCs are presented. Finally, a set of recommendations is provided to advance our understanding of COPCs.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Maixner, W; Fillingim, RB; Williams, DA; Smith, SB; Slade, GD

Published Date

  • September 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 17 / 9 Suppl

Start / End Page

  • T93 - T107

PubMed ID

  • 27586833

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC6193199

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1528-8447

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jpain.2016.06.002


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States