Zero-truncated Poisson tensor factorization for massive binary tensors


Conference Paper

We present a scalable Bayesian model for lowrank factorization of massive tensors with binary observations. The proposed model has the following key properties: (1) in contrast to the models based on the logistic or probit likelihood, using a zero-truncated Poisson likelihood for binary data allows our model to scale up in the number of ones in the tensor, which is especially appealing for massive but sparse binary tensors; (2) side-information in form of binary pairwise relationships (e.g., an adjacency network) between objects in any tensor mode can also be leveraged, which can be especially useful in "cold-start" settings; and (3) the model admits simple Bayesian inference via batch, as well as online MCMC; the latter allows scaling up even for dense binary data (i.e., when the number of ones in the tensor/network is also massive). In addition, non-negative factor matrices in our model provide easy interpretability, and the tensor rank can be inferred from the data. We evaluate our model on several large-scale realworld binary tensors, achieving excellent computational scalability, and also demonstrate its usefulness in leveraging side-information provided in form of mode-network(s).

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hu, C; Rai, P; Carin, L

Published Date

  • January 1, 2015

Published In

  • Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence Proceedings of the 31st Conference, Uai 2015

Start / End Page

  • 375 - 384

Citation Source

  • Scopus