In Situ Thermal Synthesis of Inlaid Ultrathin MoS 2 /Graphene Nanosheets as Electrocatalysts for the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction
© 2016 American Chemical Society. Herein, we report a unique thermal synthesis method to prepare a novel two-dimensional (2D) hybrid nanostructure consisting of ultrathin and tiny-sized molybdenum disulfide nanoplatelets homogeneously inlaid in graphene sheets (MoS 2 /G) with excellent electrocatalytic performance for HER. In this process, molybdenum oleate served as the source of both molybdenum and carbon, while crystalline sodium sulfate (Na 2 SO 4 ) served as both reaction template and sulfur source. The remarkable integration of MoS 2 and graphene in a well-assembled 2D hybrid architecture provided large electrochemically active surface area and a huge number of active sites and also exhibited extraordinary collective properties for electron transport and H + trapping. The MoS 2 /G inlaid nanosheets deliver ultrahigh catalytic activity toward HER among the existing electrocatalysts with similar compositions, presenting a low onset overpotential approaching 30 mV, a current density of 10 mA/cm 2 at ∼ 110 mV, and a Tafel slope as small as 67.4 mV/dec. Moreover, the strong bonding between MoS 2 nanoplatelets and graphene enabled outstanding long-term electrochemical stability and structural integrity, exhibiting almost 100% activity retention after 1000 cycles and ∼ 97% after 100 000 s of continuous testing (under static overpotential of -0.15 V). The synthetic strategy is simple, inexpensive, and scalable for large-scale production and also can be extended to diverse inlaid 2D nanoarchitectures with great potential for many other applications.
Ma, L; Hu, Y; Zhu, G; Chen, R; Chen, T; Lu, H; Wang, Y; Liang, J; Liu, H; Yan, C; Tie, Z; Jin, Z; Liu, J
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