Prevalence and Correlates of Leprosy in a High-Risk Community Setting in Sri Lanka.

Published

Journal Article

Leprosy is caused by the Mycobacterium leprae bacillus. Pockets of high endemicity remain in a number of countries including Sri Lanka, in spite of the fact that elimination has been achieved at the national level. In 2012, in a village in the Puttlam district, dermatologists reported an increase in individuals with leprosy. This village had been established in the 1990s for people displaced from Northern Sri Lanka during a civil war. A comprehensive household survey was conducted by district health officials from June to July 2012, and all household members present during the survey period were examined for leprosy lesions. Patients with suspected leprosy were referred to a dermatology clinic for clinical or pathological confirmation. The prevalence of leprosy was high (511 per 10 000 population). Household contact with another patient with leprosy increased the risk of leprosy (odds ratio = 6.69; P < .001). Continued vigilance is needed to keep leprosy at bay in high-risk communities.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Dabrera, TME; Tillekeratne, LG; Fernando, MSN; Kasturiaratchi, STK; Østbye, T

Published Date

  • October 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 28 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 586 - 591

PubMed ID

  • 27605468

Pubmed Central ID

  • 27605468

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1941-2479

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1010-5395

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1177/1010539516666360

Language

  • eng