Immediate alterations in intestinal oxygen saturation and blood flow after massive small bowel resection as measured by photoacoustic microscopy.

Journal Article (Journal Article)


Massive small bowel resection (SBR) results in villus angiogenesis and a critical adaptation response within the remnant bowel. Previous ex vivo studies of intestinal blood flow after SBR are conflicting. We sought to determine the effect of SBR on intestinal hemodynamics using photoacoustic microscopy, a noninvasive, label-free, high-resolution in vivo hybrid imaging modality.


Photoacoustic microscopy was used to image the intestine microvascular system and measure blood flow and oxygen saturation (So(2)) of the terminal mesenteric arteriole and accompanying vein in C57BL6 mice (n = 7) before and immediately after a 50% proximal SBR. A P value of less than .05 was considered significant.


Before SBR, arterial and venous So(2) were similar. Immediately after SBR, the venous So(2) decreased with an increase in the oxygen extraction fraction. In addition, the arterial and venous blood flow significantly decreased.


Massive SBR results in an immediate reduction in intestinal blood flow and increase in tissue oxygen utilization. These physiologic changes are observed throughout the remnant small intestine. The contribution of these early hemodynamic alterations may contribute to the induction of villus angiogenesis and the pathogenesis of normal intestinal adaptation responses.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rowland, KJ; Yao, J; Wang, L; Erwin, CR; Maslov, KI; Wang, LV; Warner, BW

Published Date

  • June 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 47 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 1143 - 1149

PubMed ID

  • 22703784

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3377986

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1531-5037

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-3468

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2012.03.020


  • eng