Focal Laser Ablation of Prostate Cancer: Phase I Clinical Trial.
PURPOSE: Focal laser ablation is an investigational technique to treat prostate cancer in a region confined manner via coagulative necrosis. This phase I trial primarily examines the safety of transrectal magnetic resonance imaging guided (in-bore) focal laser ablation in men with intermediate risk prostate cancer. An exploratory end point is cancer control after 6 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In an institutional review board approved trial we studied focal laser ablation in 8 men with intermediate risk prostate cancer diagnosed using magnetic resonance-ultrasound fusion. Focal laser ablation was performed by inserting a cylindrically diffusing, water cooled laser fiber into magnetic resonance visible regions of interest, followed by interstitial heating at 10 to 15 W for up to 3 minutes. Secondary safety monitors (thermal probes) were inserted to assess the accuracy of magnetic resonance thermometry. Comprehensive magnetic resonance-ultrasound fusion biopsy was performed after 6 months. Adverse events and health related quality of life questionnaires were recorded. RESULTS: Focal laser ablation was successfully performed in all 8 subjects. No grade 3 or greater adverse events occurred and no changes in International Prostate Symptom Score or International Index of Erectile Function 5 were observed. Ablation zones, as measured by posttreatment magnetic resonance imaging, had a median volume of 3 cc or 7.7% of prostate volume. Prostate specific antigen decreased in 7 men (p <0.01). At followup magnetic resonance-ultrasound fusion biopsy cancer was not detected in the ablation zone in 5 men but was present outside the treatment margin in 6 men. CONCLUSIONS: Focal laser ablation of the prostate is feasible and safe in men with intermediate risk prostate cancer without serious adverse events or changes in urinary or sexual function at 6 months. Comprehensive biopsy followup indicates that larger treatment margins than previously thought necessary may be required for complete tumor ablation.
Natarajan, S; Raman, S; Priester, AM; Garritano, J; Margolis, DJA; Lieu, P; Macairan, ML; Huang, J; Grundfest, W; Marks, LS
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