Aborted myocardial infarction in ST-elevation myocardial infarction: insights from the STrategic Reperfusion Early After Myocardial infarction trial.
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the prespecified endpoint, aborted myocardial infarction (AbMI), according to the use of a pharmacoinvasive (PI) strategy versus primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in 1754 patients randomised within 3 h of symptom onset in the STrategic Reperfusion Early After Myocardial infarction (STREAM) trial. METHODS: Based on sequential ECG's and biomarkers, AbMI was defined as ST-elevation resolution ≥50% (90 min posttenecteplase (TNK) in the PI arm or 30 min postprimary PCI) with minimal biomarker rise. RESULTS: In the PI arm 11.1% (n=99) had AbMI versus 6.9% (n=59) in primary PCI arm (p<0.01). In a multivariable model, AbMI patients overall had less baseline ΣST-deviation, fewer baseline Q-waves and shorter total ischaemic times. PI AbMI patients had faster time to TNK (90 vs 100 min, p=0.015): total ischaemic time was 100 min longer in primary PCI AbMI patients and no difference in ischaemic time existed between AbMI and non-AbMI patients within this group. Although no significant interaction between treatment and AbMI on the composite endpoint of death/shock/congestive heart failure/recurrent MI occurred (p=0.292), PI AbMI patients had a lower incidence in this endpoint than non-AbMI patients (5.1 vs 12%, p=0.038); this was not evident in primary PCI patients. Forty-five patients (ie, 2.5%) had masquerading MI with minimal biomarker elevation and no evolution in baseline ST-elevation. CONCLUSIONS: A PI strategy of early fibrinolysis more frequently aborts MI than primary PCI. Such PI patients had more favourable outcomes as compared with non-AbMIs. Diligent review of ECG evolution in STEMI distinguishes AbMI from infarct masquerade. ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT00623623.
Dianati Maleki, N; Van de Werf, F; Goldstein, P; Adgey, JA; Lambert, Y; Sulimov, V; Rosell-Ortiz, F; Gershlick, AH; Zheng, Y; Westerhout, CM; Armstrong, PW
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