Gene expression elucidates functional impact of polygenic risk for schizophrenia.

Journal Article

Over 100 genetic loci harbor schizophrenia-associated variants, yet how these variants confer liability is uncertain. The CommonMind Consortium sequenced RNA from dorsolateral prefrontal cortex of people with schizophrenia (N = 258) and control subjects (N = 279), creating a resource of gene expression and its genetic regulation. Using this resource, ∼20% of schizophrenia loci have variants that could contribute to altered gene expression and liability. In five loci, only a single gene was involved: FURIN, TSNARE1, CNTN4, CLCN3 or SNAP91. Altering expression of FURIN, TSNARE1 or CNTN4 changed neurodevelopment in zebrafish; knockdown of FURIN in human neural progenitor cells yielded abnormal migration. Of 693 genes showing significant case-versus-control differential expression, their fold changes were ≤ 1.33, and an independent cohort yielded similar results. Gene co-expression implicates a network relevant for schizophrenia. Our findings show that schizophrenia is polygenic and highlight the utility of this resource for mechanistic interpretations of genetic liability for brain diseases.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Fromer, M; Roussos, P; Sieberts, SK; Johnson, JS; Kavanagh, DH; Perumal, TM; Ruderfer, DM; Oh, EC; Topol, A; Shah, HR; Klei, LL; Kramer, R; Pinto, D; Gümüş, ZH; Cicek, AE; Dang, KK; Browne, A; Lu, C; Xie, L; Readhead, B; Stahl, EA; Xiao, J; Parvizi, M; Hamamsy, T; Fullard, JF; Wang, Y-C; Mahajan, MC; Derry, JMJ; Dudley, JT; Hemby, SE; Logsdon, BA; Talbot, K; Raj, T; Bennett, DA; De Jager, PL; Zhu, J; Zhang, B; Sullivan, PF; Chess, A; Purcell, SM; Shinobu, LA; Mangravite, LM; Toyoshiba, H et al.

Published Date

  • November 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 19 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 1442 - 1453

PubMed ID

  • 27668389

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1546-1726

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1097-6256

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/nn.4399

Language

  • eng