Clinical factors associated with moderate hyperopia in preschool children with normal stereopsis and visual acuity.


Journal Article

A total of 117 children 3-5 years of age with moderate hyperopia in at least one eye, age-normal unaided visual acuity, age-normal stereoacuity, no significant anisometropia or astigmatism, and no strabismus were enrolled in a 3-year randomized clinical trial to compare visual outcomes and ocular alignment in children assigned to immediate glasses or to observation and glasses if deterioration of visual acuity, stereoacuity, or alignment occurred. Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated to evaluate relationships among baseline characteristics. We found a moderate association between higher amounts of uncorrected hyperopia and greater accommodative lag (n = 57; R = 0.31; 95% CI, 0.05-0.53). Higher amounts of hyperopia were weakly associated with worse uncorrected distance visual acuity (n = 117; R = 0.24; 95% CI, 0.06-0.41), and better stereoacuity was weakly associated with better uncorrected near acuity (n = 99; R = 0.24; 95% CI, 0.04-0.42).

Full Text

Published Date

  • October 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 20 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 455 - 457

PubMed ID

  • 27663627

Pubmed Central ID

  • 27663627

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1528-3933

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1091-8531

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jaapos.2016.04.012


  • eng