Recreating and extending Japanese automobile buyer'supplier links in north America
We compare buyer'supplier links established by pairs of Japanese‐owned automobile assemblers and component manufacturers operating in Japan and in North America during 1989‐90. Eight assemblers and more than 170 Japanese component manufacturers had established North American manufacturing facilities. In total, Japanese automobile assembly organizations operating in North America had recreated about a quarter of their Japanese supply links. The suppliers that set up North American facilities had recreated almost 60 percent of their links with traditional buyers and formed more than 16 percent of the possible extension links with new assembler partners. We identify several economic and organizational factors that influence whether an existing buyer'supplier link will be recreated in a new location and whether firms that do not have a buyer'supplier relationship at home will form an extension link in the new location. We find that the presence of a long‐term buyer'supplier relationship, buyer and supplier entry timing to the new location, the joint venture status of the buyer, supplier size, and the breadth of a supplier's sales base in the home market influence the likelihood that links will be recreated and extension links will be formed. Copyright © 1995 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Martin, X; Mitchell, W; Swaminathan, A
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