Survival of the Friendliest: Homo sapiens Evolved via Selection for Prosociality.

Journal Article (Review)

The challenge of studying human cognitive evolution is identifying unique features of our intelligence while explaining the processes by which they arose. Comparisons with nonhuman apes point to our early-emerging cooperative-communicative abilities as crucial to the evolution of all forms of human cultural cognition, including language. The human self-domestication hypothesis proposes that these early-emerging social skills evolved when natural selection favored increased in-group prosociality over aggression in late human evolution. As a by-product of this selection, humans are predicted to show traits of the domestication syndrome observed in other domestic animals. In reviewing comparative, developmental, neurobiological, and paleoanthropological research, compelling evidence emerges for the predicted relationship between unique human mentalizing abilities, tolerance, and the domestication syndrome in humans. This synthesis includes a review of the first a priori test of the self-domestication hypothesis as well as predictions for future tests.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hare, B

Published Date

  • January 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 68 /

Start / End Page

  • 155 - 186

PubMed ID

  • 27732802

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1545-2085

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0066-4308

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1146/annurev-psych-010416-044201

Language

  • eng