Comparison of the Nanopulse Lithotripter to the Holmium Laser: Stone Fragmentation Efficiency and Impact on Flexible Ureteroscope Deflection and Flow.
INTRODUCTION: The Nanopulse Lithotripter (NPL; Lithotech Medical, Israel) is a novel intracorporeal device that uses a nanosecond duration electrical discharge through a reusable flexible coaxial probe to endoscopically fragment urinary stones. This device was compared with a holmium laser lithotripsy (HoL) with regard to stone fragmentation efficiency (SFE) and its impact on flexible ureteroscope (URS) deflection and flow of irrigation. METHODS: Using a custom bench model, a 6 mm BegoStone cylindrical phantom (mixture 5:2) was confined under 0.9% saline atop sequential mesh sieves. The SFE of two NPL probe sizes (2.0F, 3.6F) and two HoL fibers (200, 365 μm) was evaluated using concordant settings of 1 J and 5 Hz. URS deflection and irrigation flow with NPL probes in the working channel were tested in five new fourth generation flexible URS and compared with other adjunct endourologic instruments. RESULTS: The 2.0F NPL showed improved SFE compared with the 200 μm laser (86 mg/min vs 52 mg/min, p = 0.014) as did the 3.6F NPL vs the 365 μm laser (173 mg/min vs 80 mg/min, p = 0.05). The NPL created more 1 to 2 mm fragments; the laser created more dust. URS deflection reduced by 3.75° with the 2.0 NPL probe. URS irrigation flow reduced from 36.5 to 6.3 mL/min with the 2.0F NPL probe. CONCLUSION: NPL shows improved SFE compared with HoL. Flow with the 2.0F probe is akin to a stone basket. NPL offers an effective alternative to HoL.
Kaplan, AG; Chen, TT; Sankin, G; Yang, C; Dale, JA; Simmons, WN; Zhong, P; Preminger, GM; Lipkin, ME
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