Public and Private Values
Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. In this paper, we experimentally examine whether looking at other people's pricing decisions is a type of a decision rule that people over-apply even when it is not applicable, as in the case of private-value goods. In Study 1, we find evidence that this is indeed the case—individual valuation of a subjective experience under full information, elicited using incentive compatible mechanism, is highly influenced by values of others. In Study 2, we find that people expect to use this rule to some degree with respect to actual consumption of goods, especially goods with some public value (music), and less so for private-value goods (noise). However, people expect to use the rule to a very large extent when they are required to express their valuation of a good using a dollar figure (Study 3). These results can shed light on price behavior as rigidities and rents. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Ariely, D; Bracha, A; L'Huillier, JP
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