Insulin-Like Growth Factor-Binding Protein-7 as a Biomarker of Diastolic Dysfunction and Functional Capacity in Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction: Results From the RELAX Trial.
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate relationships between insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-7 (IGFBP7) and parameters of diastolic function or functional capacity in patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) who were randomized to receive sildenafil or placebo. BACKGROUND: IGFBP7 was previously found to be associated with diastolic function in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction, but it is unclear whether these associations are present in HFpEF. METHODS: At baseline and 24 weeks, IGFBP7, imaging studies, and peak oxygen consumption (Vo2max) were obtained and compared in 160 patients with HFpEF who were randomized to receive sildenafil or placebo. RESULTS: Patients with supramedian baseline IGFBP7 concentrations were older, had signs of systemic congestion and worse renal function, and had higher concentrations of prognostic heart failure biomarkers including amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (p < 0.05). Higher baseline IGFBP7 was modestly correlated with worse diastolic function: higher E velocity (Spearman correlation [ρ] = 0.40), E/E' (ρ = 0.40), left atrial volume index (ρ = 0.39), and estimated right ventricular systolic pressure (ρ = 0.41; all p < 0.001) and weakly correlated with transmitral E/A (ρ = 0.26; p = 0.006). Notably, change in IGFBP7 was significantly correlated with change in E, E/A, E/E', and right ventricular systolic pressure. Elevated baseline IGFBP7 was associated with lower baseline Vo2max (13.2 vs. 11.1 ml/min/kg; p < 0.001), and change in IGFBP7 was weakly inversely correlated with change in Vo2max (ρ = -0.19; p = 0.01). Subjects receiving sildenafil had a decrease in IGFBP7 over 24 weeks, in contrast to placebo-treated patients (median change in IGFBP7 -1.5 vs. +13.6 ng/ml; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with HFpEF, IGFBP7 may be a novel biomarker of diastolic function and exercise capacity.
Gandhi, PU; Gaggin, HK; Redfield, MM; Chen, HH; Stevens, SR; Anstrom, KJ; Semigran, MJ; Liu, P; Januzzi, JL
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