Traditional and novel risk factors of diabetic retinopathy and research challenges.

Journal Article (Review)

Diabetic retinopathy affects one-third of people with diabetes and is the most frequent cause of blindness in working aged adults. Although diabetic retinopathy blindness appears to have fallen in the developed world, the rapidly increasing number of persons with diabetes worldwide has resulted in a continuous increase in the global burden of this disease. The major risk factors for diabetic retinopathy include duration of diabetes, hyperglycemia, and hypertension, but this is accountable for only a small amount of the variation in the risk of diabetic retinopathy. Research into new markers for retinopathy including genetics, blood biomarkers and retinal imaging will further improve our understanding of the risk factors and pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Tan, GS; Ikram, MK; Wong, TY

Published Date

  • 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 20 / 26

Start / End Page

  • 3189 - 3199

PubMed ID

  • 23745545

Pubmed Central ID

  • 23745545

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1875-533X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.2174/09298673113209990023


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United Arab Emirates