Impact of bilateral open and closed-angle glaucoma on glaucoma-specific functioning in Asians.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of bilateral primary glaucoma on glaucoma-specific functioning in Asians. METHODS: Patients with bilateral primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) aged 40 years or above of Chinese ethnicity in Singapore were recruited. All underwent a comprehensive clinical assessment of glaucoma. Glaucoma was diagnosed with a standard criteria including optic disc abnormality and visual field defect. The Glaucoma Quality of Life-15, a glaucoma-specific questionnaire, was used to evaluate the impact of glaucoma, and Rasch analysis was used to validate the Glaucoma Quality of Life-15. RESULTS: A total of 192 patients (mean±SD age, 65.73±17.6 y and 65.1% male) were recruited, of which 56.2% (n=108) and 43.8% (n=84) had POAG and PACG, respectively. Fifty-four (28.1%), 85 (44.3%), and 53 (27.6%) had bilateral mild glaucoma, mild glaucoma in 1 eye and moderate/severe glaucoma in the other, and bilateral moderate/severe glaucoma, respectively. In multivariate analyses, compared with patients with mild glaucoma in both eyes, those with (a) mild glaucoma in 1 eye and moderate/severe in other; and (b) moderate/severe glaucoma in both eyes, reported significantly poorer functioning (β-coefficient=-8.20; confidence interval, -14.36 to -2.04; P<0.05) and (β=-21.05; confidence interval, -28.06 to -14.04; P<0.05), respectively. A similar independent association was found for POAG and PACG. These associations were also considered to be clinically significant while comparing bilateral mild glaucoma with bilateral moderate/severe glaucoma. We however, found no significant difference for functioning and severity of glaucoma between PACG and POAG patients (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Bilateral glaucoma is worse than the mild form in any eye and is significantly associated with poor glaucoma-specific functioning in this Singaporean Chinese sample. These data emphasize the need for strategies to identify patients early and prevent deterioration beyond the mild form of the condition.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Wang, B; Aung, T; Marella, M; Zheng, Y; Wong, TY; Perera, S; Wong, TT; Ho, C-L; Lamoureux, EL

Published Date

  • 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 22 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 330 - 335

PubMed ID

  • 22157514

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1536-481X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/IJG.0b013e3182408593


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States