Review of key findings from the Singapore Malay Eye Study (SiMES-1).

Journal Article

INTRODUCTION: This study highlights the key epidemiological findings from the Singapore Malay Eye Study (SiMES-1). METHODS: SiMES-1 was a cross-sectional, population-based epidemiological study on eye diseases. It was performed on 3,280 randomly selected Malay adults living in the south-western part of Singapore. All study participants underwent various validated questionnaires and detailed eye examinations. A review of all papers published from SiMES-1 was performed. RESULTS: A total of 24.6% of the study population had myopia, while 35.3% had hyperopia and 39.4% had astigmatism. 20.4% of the population had under-corrected refractive error. 1,338 (45.7%) participants were diagnosed to have cataracts in at least one eye. 8.6% of the study population had undergone cataract surgery in either eye, while 4.7% had bilateral cataract surgery. 150 (4.6%) participants were diagnosed to have glaucoma, of which primary open angle glaucoma was the most common type (3.2% of the study population), followed by secondary glaucoma (0.8%) and primary angle closure glaucoma (0.2%). Pterygium was diagnosed in 508 out of 3,266 study participants, giving a prevalence rate of 15.6%. The presence of diabetic retinopathy was observed in 421 (12.9%) out of 3,265 study participants. 183 (5.6%) study participants had some degree of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), of which 23 (0.7%) were classified as having late AMD. CONCLUSION: This paper provides a summary of the prevalence of common eye diseases among the Singaporean adult Malay population and provides data useful for public health education and disease prevention.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rosman, M; Zheng, Y; Lamoureux, E; Saw, SM; Aung, T; Tay, WT; Wang, JJ; Mitchell, P; Tai, ES; Wong, TY

Published Date

  • February 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 53 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 82 - 87

PubMed ID

  • 22337179

Pubmed Central ID

  • 22337179

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0037-5675


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Singapore