The impact of cataract, cataract types, and cataract grades on vision-specific functioning using Rasch analysis.
PURPOSE: To determine the impact of cataracts and their types and grades on vision-specific functioning. DESIGN: Prospective population-based cross-sectional study. METHODS: The Singapore Indian Eye Study examined 3400 of 4497 (75.6% response rate) ethnic Indians 40 years of age and older living in Singapore. Three thousand one hundred sixty-eight (93.2%) fulfilled inclusion criteria with complete information for final analysis. Cataracts were assessed on slit-lamp examination and were graded according to the Lens Opacity Classification System III. Vision-specific functioning scores were explored with the Visual Function scale, validated using Rasch analysis. RESULTS: Two hundred sixty-nine (8.5%) and 740 (23.4%) of the study participants had unilateral and bilateral cataracts, respectively, and 329 (10.4%), 800 (25.2%), and 128 (4.1%) participants had nuclear, cortical, and posterior subcapsular (PSC) cataracts, respectively. In multivariate linear regression models, the presence of bilateral rather than unilateral cataract (β = -0.12; 95% confidence interval, -0.20 to 0.00) was associated independently with poorer vision-specific functioning, even after adjusting for undercorrected refractive error (β = -0.11; 95% confidence interval, -0.21 to 0.00). Bilateral nuclear, cortical, and PSC cataracts also were associated with poorer vision-specific functioning (β = -0.31, -0.15, and -1.15, respectively), with combinations of them having even greater impact. Significantly poorer vision-specific functioning occurred at Lens Opacity Classification System grades 4 (nuclear opalescence), 5 (nuclear color), 3 (cortical), and 1 (PSC) or higher. CONCLUSIONS: People with bilateral but not unilateral cataracts experience difficulty with performing vision-specific daily activities independent of refractive error, with PSC cataracts and cataract combinations having the greatest impact. Cataract types cause poorer vision-specific functioning beginning at different severity grades.
Chew, M; Chiang, PP-C; Zheng, Y; Lavanya, R; Wu, R; Saw, SM; Wong, TY; Lamoureux, EL
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