Prevalence and associations of epiretinal membranes in a rural Chinese adult population: the Handan Eye Study.
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence and association of epiretinal membranes (ERMs), as assessed by retinal photography and optical coherence tomography (OCT), in a Chinese population. METHODS: The Handan Eye Study is a population-based study of eye disease in rural Chinese aged 30+ years. Eligible residents underwent a detailed ophthalmic examination including retinal photography and Stratus OCT. ERMs were defined by a combination of retinal photographs and OCT and classified as cellophane macular reflex (CMR) or preretinal macular fibrosis (PMF) based on retinal photographs characteristics. RESULTS: Of the 6830 persons examined, 6565 (96.1%) had gradable retinal photographs and/or OCT. The mean age was 51.7 +/- 11.6 years. ERMs were present in 3.4% (95% CI: 2.9%-3.8%) of participants, bilateral in 20.3% of the cases. CMR was present in 2.2% and PMF in 0.7%, and ERMs were unclassified in 0.5% (detected by OCT only). ERM prevalence was similar in women and men (3.6% vs. 3.1%), strongly associated with increasing age (P for trend < 0.001). After adjustment for age and sex, primary ERM was associated positively with myopia (OR: 1.58, 95% CI: 1.12-2.23) and inversely with current smoking (OR: 0.61, 95% CI: 0.38-0.97, versus never smoked). Best corrected visual acuity was significantly worse in eyes with primary ERMs (mean LogMAR score lower by 0.07, 95% CI: 0.05-0.10) than eyes without ERMs, after adjustment for age, sex, and lens status. CONCLUSIONS: ERMs affect 3.4% of the population 30+ years of age and living in rural China. Idiopathic ERMs were associated with myopia, decreased visual acuity, and inversely associated with smoking.
Duan, XR; Liang, YB; Friedman, DS; Sun, LP; Wei, WB; Wang, JJ; Wang, GL; Liu, W; Tao, QS; Wang, NL; Wong, TY
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