Retinal arteriolar narrowing predicts incidence of diabetes: the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle (AusDiab) Study.

Published

Journal Article

OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship of retinal vascular caliber to incident diabetes in a population-based cohort. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle (AusDiab) Study recruited adults aged 25+ years across Australia in 1999-2000, with a follow-up 5 years later in 2004-2005. Participants' glycemic status was classified using fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and 2-h oral glucose tolerance (2-h plasma glucose [2hPG]) tests. Diabetes was diagnosed if FPG was >or=7.0 mmol/l or 2hPG was >or=11.1 mmol/l. Retinal vascular caliber was measured from baseline retinal photographs using a computer-assisted program. RESULTS: Of the 803 participants without diabetes at baseline, 108 (13.4%) developed diabetes at follow-up: 7 (2.8%) of 246 participants with normal glucose tolerance, 9 (13.6%) of 66 participants with impaired fasting glucose, and 92 (18.7%) of 491 participants with impaired glucose tolerance. After multivariate analysis, participants with narrower retinal arteriolar caliber had a higher risk of diabetes (odds ratio 2.21 [95% CI 1.02-4.80], comparing smallest versus highest arteriolar caliber tertiles, P = 0.04 for trend). There was no association between retinal venular caliber and incident diabetes. CONCLUSIONS: Narrower retinal arteriolar caliber predicted risk of diabetes. These data provide further evidence that microvascular changes may contribute to the pathogenesis of diabetes.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Nguyen, TT; Wang, JJ; Islam, FMA; Mitchell, P; Tapp, RJ; Zimmet, PZ; Simpson, R; Shaw, J; Wong, TY

Published Date

  • March 2008

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 57 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 536 - 539

PubMed ID

  • 18086902

Pubmed Central ID

  • 18086902

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1939-327X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0012-1797

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.2337/db07-1376

Language

  • eng