The effect of parental history of myopia on eye size of pre-school children: a pilot study.


Journal Article

PURPOSE: To evaluate parental history of myopia as a predictor of refractive error and eye size in Chinese pre-school children. METHODS: A total of 514 pre-school children (aged 2.3--6.4 years) were examined. Parental history of myopia, amount of near work performed, refractive status and ocular biometry were recorded. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in spherical equivalent refraction (SER) among children with no myopic parents (mean+0.94+/-0.05 D), one myopic parent (mean+0.77+- 0.07 D) and two myopic parents (mean+0.79+/- 0.12 D) (p=0.102) after controlling for age and amount of near work. Further, children with more myopic parents did not have longer eyeballs (p=0.335). CONCLUSIONS: In this study in Chinese pre-school children, parental history of myopia was not found to be associated with a myopic refractive error or increased eyeball length. Further studies with larger sample sizes would help to confirm these results.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Fan, DSP; Lam, DSC; Wong, TY; Islam, M; Saw, SM; Cheung, AYK; Chew, S

Published Date

  • August 2005

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 83 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 492 - 496

PubMed ID

  • 16029277

Pubmed Central ID

  • 16029277

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1600-0420

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1395-3907

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/j.1600-0420.2005.00481.x


  • eng