Does occupation explain gender and other differences in work-related eye injury hospitalization rates?

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether demographic differences in eye injury rates persist after adjusting for occupational exposure. METHODS: On-duty eye injury hospitalizations were linked to occupation among active-duty US Army personnel. RESULTS: Eye injury rates were higher for white soldiers, men, and for younger soldiers, even after adjusting for occupational group and specific job titles using multivariate models. CONCLUSIONS: This finding contrasts with studies of other injuries, suggesting that occupation does not fully account for variations in eye injury risk. Because protective eye-wear can prevent most serious eye injuries, we hypothesize that differences in protective eye-wear use between men and women may contribute to differences in eye injury rates, although follow-up studies are needed to confirm this. Prevention efforts should consider targeting high-risk demographic groups in addition to high-risk occupations.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Smith, GS; Lincoln, AE; Wong, TY; Bell, NS; Vinger, PF; Amoroso, PJ; Lombardi, DA

Published Date

  • June 2005

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 47 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 640 - 648

PubMed ID

  • 15951724

Pubmed Central ID

  • 15951724

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1076-2752

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/01.jom.0000165746.26873.d1


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States