Prevalence and risk factors for refractive errors and ocular biometry parameters in an elderly Asian population: the Singapore Longitudinal Aging Study (SLAS).

Journal Article (Journal Article)

PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence rates of refractive errors and pattern of ocular biometry in a multi-ethnic elderly Asian population. METHODS: A population-based study of 1835 residents aged 55-85 years, evaluating the refractive error and ocular biometry parameters, including axial length (AL) and anterior chamber depth. RESULTS: The age-standardized prevalence of myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism, and anisometropia were 30.0% (95% confidence interval (CI): 29.6, 30.4), 41.5% (95% CI: 41.1, 41.9), 43.5% (95% CI: 43.1, 44.0), and 22.1% (95% CI: 21.7, 22.4), respectively. Male gender (P=0.02), age ≥ 75 years (P=0.033), and higher educational level (P<0.001) were significantly associated with higher rates of myopia in multivariate analyses. The prevalence of astigmatism was higher in persons with diabetes (odds ratio (OR) 1.4, 95% CI: 1.03, 1.90, P=0.031). AL was longer in Chinese than other ethnic groups (23.7 vs 23.4 mm, P=0.018), and in men compared with women (24.2 vs 23.4 mm, P<0.001). AL was associated with increasing height (AL increased by 0.3 mm for every 10 cm increase in height, P<0.001). CONCLUSION: There is a high prevalence of myopia in elderly Singaporeans, consistent with trends seen in younger populations in Asia. Male gender and higher education were independent risk factors for myopia. These data suggest that higher rates of myopia in East Asians compared with Caucasians may not be a recent phenomenon.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Tan, CSH; Chan, YH; Wong, TY; Gazzard, G; Niti, M; Ng, T-P; Saw, SM

Published Date

  • October 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 25 / 10

Start / End Page

  • 1294 - 1301

PubMed ID

  • 21720418

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3194304

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1476-5454

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/eye.2011.144


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England