Hypermetropia is not associated with hypertension: the Blue Mountains Eye Study.


Journal Article

PURPOSE: An association between hypermetropia and hypertension was recently reported. We sought to verify this finding in the Blue Mountains Eye Study cohort (n = 3654; ages 49 to 97 years). DESIGN: Cohort study. METHODS: We defined hypermetropia as mean spheric equivalent refraction (SER) > 1.00 diopter, myopia as mean SER < -1.00 diopters, and emmetropia as mean SER < or = 1.00 diopters and > or = -1.00 diopters, inclusive. We used the 2003 World Health Organization/International Society of Hypertension guidelines to define severe hypertension as grade 2 or higher. RESULTS: Of 1290 people who were at risk of the development of hypertension, 378 people developed incident severe hypertension after five years. The multivariate-adjusted relative risk of incident hypertension in persons with hypermetropia compared with those with emmetropia was 1.06 (95% CI, 0.89 to 1.26); the relative risk in persons with myopia was 1.22 (95% CI, 0.96 to 1.56). CONCLUSION: Neither hypermetropia nor myopia was associated with incident hypertension in this older population.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Liew, G; Mitchell, P; Wong, TY; Wang, JJ

Published Date

  • April 2006

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 141 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 746 - 748

PubMed ID

  • 16564816

Pubmed Central ID

  • 16564816

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-9394

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.ajo.2005.10.046


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States