Retinal vascular caliber, diabetes, and retinopathy.
PURPOSE: To assess the relationship of retinal vessel caliber with diabetes and diabetic retinopathy (DR). DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional analysis of the Blue Mountains Eye Study, Australia (n = 3,654, age >or=49 years). METHODS: Diabetes was defined as physician-diagnosed or fasting blood glucose >or= 7.0 mmol/l; impaired fasting glucose as fasting glucose 6.1 to 6.9 mmol/l. DR was graded from retinal photographs. Retinal vessel caliber was measured from digitized images. RESULTS: After controlling for age, gender, blood pressure, and other factors, mean retinal venular caliber was significantly wider in participants with moderate-severe nonproliferative DR (severe 262.7 microm; moderate 236.7 microm) than in nondiabetic participants (221.9 microm) or participants with diabetes but no DR (221.2 microm) (P < .0001). Mean retinal arteriolar caliber was significantly wider in participants with diabetes (193.5 microm) than in nondiabetic participants (190.2 microm) (P < .01). CONCLUSIONS: Increasing severity of DR in persons with diabetes is associated with widening of retinal venular caliber.
Kifley, A; Wang, JJ; Cugati, S; Wong, TY; Mitchell, P
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)