Prevalence and risk factors of ocular trauma in an urban south-east Asian population: the Singapore Malay Eye Study.

Journal Article

To describe the prevalence and risk factors of ocular trauma in an urban Asian population.A population-based survey of 3280 (78.7% response rate) Malay people aged 40-80 years residing in Singapore was conducted in 2004-2006. Interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to ascertain a history of ocular trauma, defined as any eye injury requiring medical attention from a doctor.Of the 3264 participants, 149 (5.0%, 95% confidence intervals [CI] 4.1-6.0%) reported a history of ocular trauma. Of those, 30.2% had trauma from a blunt object, 33.6% from a sharp object, and 22.1% from chemical burns. After adjusting for age and sex, men had a higher prevalence of ocular trauma than women (8.3% vs. 2.1%, age-adjusted odds ratio [OR] 4.7, CI 3.1-7.1), and younger persons had a higher risk of ocular trauma (per year increase in age, OR 0.98, CI 0.96-0.99). Consumption of alcohol was associated with higher likelihood of having ocular injury (OR 4.3, CI 2.2-8.4).One in 20 persons in this urban south-east Asian population had a history of ocular trauma. Younger persons, men and consumption of alcohol were risk factors for ocular trauma.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Loon, SC; Tay, WT; Saw, SM; Wang, JJ; Wong, TY

Published Date

  • May 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 37 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 362 - 367

PubMed ID

  • 19594562

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1442-9071

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1442-6404

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/j.1442-9071.2009.02035.x

Language

  • eng