Physician treatment selection in the prospective Metastatic Renal Cell Cancer (MaRCC) Registry.
563 Background: Clinical trials mRCC pts are different from real world pts, resulting in bias in the literature. The MaRCC Registry is designed to survey questions not asked in tri als, such as why physicians make certain management decisions. This analysis describes reasons for physician treatment (tx) selection in the first 109 real world pts enrolled in a multicenter, prospective, observational registry. Methods: MaRCC Registry will enroll 500 pts from up to 60 US academic (ACAD) and community (COMM) sites with ~2 years of recruitment and ≥ 3 years of follow-up. Key inclusion criteria are age ≥ 18 years and diagnosis of mRCC with no prior systemic therapy (STx) for mRCC at study entry. Pts currently not on STx but who are being observed are permitted. Key endpoints include descriptive characteristics of txs, tx and patient outcomes, medication adherence, and health resource utilization. Results: At data cutoff, 105 pts have been accrued with known STx status; median age 64 (Q1-3 range, 56-70); 66% male; 75% ACAD; 87% clear cell histology; and 31% stage IV at diagnosis. Initial management decision was: 40% deferred systemic therapy (DSTx), 22% pazopanib, 18% clinical trial, 10% sunitinib, and 6% other. Among STx pts (N = 61), the most common categories for therapy choice as selected by providers were likelihood of clinical benefit (41%) followed by pt characteristics (30%). Within the clinical benefit category, the most common reason was OS/PFS (31%). Within the pt characteristic category the most common reasons included performance status/frailty (12%) or prognostic factors (12%). Common reasons for DSTx pts (N = 44) were active surveillance (AS) with disease present (39%), AS without disease present following a procedure (11%), or local therapy (7%). ACAD sites had higher percentages of pts with DSTx undergoing AS with disease present and local therapy. Conclusions: This is the first report describing factors driving physician decision making in management of mRCC. Management choices are not captured in other prospective or retrospective studies. Early experience suggests that clinical benefit and pt characteristics were common reasons for initial STx. Side effect profile rarely determined initial STx selection.
Kyriakopoulos, C; Harrison, MR; Bhavsar, NA; Wolf, SP; Costello, BA; Stadler, WM; Hammers, HJ; Vaishampayan, UN; Appleman, LJ; Creel, PA; Samsa, GP; Richardson, EM; Johnson, KA; Borham, A; George, DJ
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