Abstract P3-14-04: Effects of the dual selective CYP17 lyase inhibitor and androgen receptor (AR) antagonist, VT-464, on AR+ and ER+ tumor models in vitro and in vivo

Conference Paper

Abstract VT-464 is a lyase-selective inhibitor of the dual-activity CYP17A1 enzyme that is required for the synthesis of androgens and estrogens in the gonads, adrenals, and tumors. In addition to its role as a CYP17A1 lyase inhibitor, we previously showed that VT-464 also functions as a direct and effective AR antagonist in prostate cancer models. In our current study, we evaluated the therapeutic potential of VT-464 in breast cancer by analyzing its effectiveness in several AR-positive breast cancer cell lines, including those that are ER-positive and ER-negative. Through in vitro assays and xenograft analysis, we compared the activity of VT-464 to enzalutamide, a second generation AR antagonist that is approved for the treatment of castration resistant prostate cancer and is in multiple Phase 2 breast cancer studies. Our results showed that VT-464 was highly effective in preventing proliferation of both ER-positive and ER-negative breast cancer cell lines in vitro. Importantly, significant inhibition was also observed in soft agar assays that assesses anchorage-independent growth. In mechanistic studies, VT-464 and enzalutamide both inhibited induction of AR target genes and recruitment of AR to target promoters, verifying direct AR antagonistic activity observed previously in prostate cancer cells. Furthermore, we evaluated the ability of VT-464 and enzalutamide to inhibit tumor formation in a tamoxifen-resistant model of breast cancer. Oral administration of either enzalutamide or VT-464 significantly decreased tumor growth in mice, with VT-464 achieving greater growth inhibition than enzalutamide. Together, these data provide further rationale for the future study of the AR as a viable therapeutic target in breast cancer, and importantly, suggest that AR inhibition can impact tamoxifen-resistant tumor growth. The dual effects of CYP17A1 lyase inhibition and AR antagonism that are achieved with VT-464 further supports its development as an effective oral therapy option for AR-positive breast cancer. A phase 1 / 2 clinical study of oral VT-464 in women with AR+ triple-negative breast cancer or ER+ cancer resistant to aromatase inhibitors will commence in 2015. Citation Format: Ellison SJ, Norris JD, Wardell S, Eisner JR, Hoekstra WJ, Stagg DB, Alley HM, Moore WR, McDonnell DP. Effects of the dual selective CYP17 lyase inhibitor and androgen receptor (AR) antagonist, VT-464, on AR+ and ER+ tumor models in vitro and in vivo. [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the Thirty-Eighth Annual CTRC-AACR San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium: 2015 Dec 8-12; San Antonio, TX. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2016;76(4 Suppl):Abstract nr P3-14-04.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Ellison, SJ; Norris, JD; Wardell, S; Eisner, JR; Hoekstra, WJ; Stagg, DB; Alley, HM; Moore, WR; McDonnell, DP

Published Date

  • February 15, 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 76 / 4_Supplement

Published By

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1538-7445

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0008-5472

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1158/1538-7445.sabcs15-p3-14-04