Relation of Baseline Renal Dysfunction With Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Popliteal and Infrapopliteal Percutaneous Peripheral Arterial Interventions.
Renal dysfunction is a major risk factor for peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Infrapopliteal PAD is associated with more co-morbid conditions and worse prognosis than suprapopliteal PAD. Long-term outcomes of patients with renal dysfunction and popliteal or infrapopliteal PAD undergoing peripheral vascular intervention (PVI) are not well described. We retrospectively evaluated long-term outcomes in 726 patients undergoing infrapopliteal PVI categorized into 3 glomerular filtration rate (GFR)-based groups: GFR (≥60 ml/min/1.73 m(2)), GFR (<60 ml/min/1.73 m(2)), and those on dialysis. At mean follow-up of 36 ± 20 months, amputation rates were 3%, 5%, and 11% with mortality rates of 23%, 36%, and 56% in normal renal function, chronic kidney disease (adjusted odds ratio [OR] for amputation 1.75, 95% CI 0.73 to 4.21; adjusted OR for mortality 1.53, 95% CI 1.05 to 2.23, p = 0.028), and dialysis (adjusted OR for amputation 2.43, 95% CI 0.84 to 7.02, p = 0.100; adjusted OR for mortality 4.51, 95% CI 2.46 to 8.26, p <0.0001) groups, respectively. Repeat revascularization was similar in all 3 groups at roughly 25%. In conclusion, chronic kidney disease and dialysis were associated with increased major amputations and mortality in patients who received PVI for popliteal and infrapopliteal PAD.
Parvataneni, KC; Piyaskulkaew, C; Szpunar, S; Sharma, T; Patel, V; Patel, S; Davis, T; Lalonde, T; Yamasaki, H; Rosman, HS; Mehta, RH
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