Tissue-engineered scaffolds are effective alternatives to autografts for bridging peripheral nerve gaps.

Published

Journal Article

The use of autografts for "bridging" peripheral nerve gaps is limited by lack of suitable donor nerve grafts. Using a tissue-engineering approach, we have designed a three-dimensional scaffold that presents laminin 1 (LN-1) and nerve growth factor (NGF) in vivo. Semipermeable polysulfone tubes were used as carriers to introduce the tissue-engineered scaffolds to a 10-mm sciatic nerve gap in adult rats. Two months after implantation, the gross morphology of the regenerated nerve, the success rate of regeneration, and the total number and density of myelinated axons in the tissue-engineered scaffolds matched that observed in autografts. LN-1- and NGF-containing scaffolds performed comparably to autografts when functional measures that include the relative gastrocnemius muscle weight and the sciatic functional index were quantified. Our results demonstrate that tissue-engineered scaffolds match the performance of autografts in an in vivo model of peripheral nerve regeneration, raising the possibility of the scaffolds being used clinically instead of scarce autografts.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Yu, X; Bellamkonda, RV

Published Date

  • June 2003

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 9 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 421 - 430

PubMed ID

  • 12857410

Pubmed Central ID

  • 12857410

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1557-8690

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1076-3279

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1089/107632703322066606

Language

  • eng