Vitamin D inhibits proliferation of human uterine leiomyoma cells via catechol-O-methyltransferase.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects and mechanisms of action of vitamin D on human uterine leiomyoma (HuLM) cell proliferation in vitro. DESIGN: Laboratory study. SETTING: University hospitals. PATIENTS(S): Not applicable. INTERVENTIONS(S): Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): HuLM cells were treated with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (vitamin D), and cell proliferation was assayed by the methylthiazolyl tetrazolium technique. proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), BCL-2, BCL-w, cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 1, and catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) protein levels were analyzed by Western blotting. COMT mRNA and enzyme activity were assayed by quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and high-performance liquid chromatography analysis, respectively. The role of COMT was evaluated in stable HuLM cells by silencing COMT expression. RESULT(S): Vitamin D inhibited the growth of HuLM cells by 47±0.03% at 1 μM and by 38±0.02% at 0.1 μM compared with control cells at 120 hours of treatment. Vitamin D inhibited extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation and down-regulated the expression of BCL-2, BCL-w, CDK1, and PCNA. Western blot, RT-PCR, and enzyme assay of COMT demonstrated inhibitory effects of vitamin D on COMT expression and enzyme activity. Silencing endogenous COMT expression abolished vitamin D-mediated inhibition of HuLM cell proliferation. CONCLUSION(S): Vitamin D inhibits growth of HuLM cells through the down-regulation of PCNA, CDK1, and BCL-2 and suppresses COMT expression and activity in HuLM cells. Thus, hypovitaminosis D appears to be a risk factor for uterine fibroids.
Sharan, C; Halder, SK; Thota, C; Jaleel, T; Nair, S; Al-Hendy, A
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