Once-nightly (QD) dual CYP17-Lyase (L) inhibitor / androgen receptor (AR) antagonist VT-464 in patients with CRPC.
343 Background: VT-464 is an oral, CYP17-L inhibitor and non-clinically an antagonist of the AR and its variants associated with clinical resistance to enzalutamide (ENZ) and abiraterone (AA). The safety, tolerability and initial PD effects (tumor responses, PSA and testosterone (T)-decreases) of QD VT-464 were evaluated in this Phase (Ph) 1/2 study (INO-VT-464-CL-004; NCT02361086). Methods: Chemotherapy-naïve (n = 20) M0 (n = 1) and M1 (n = 19) patients with CRPC prior to (TN, treatment-naïve; n = 9), or after AA (n = 6),ENZ (n = 3) or both (n = 2) were enrolled in sequential dose-cohorts of 600 mg QD with dose titration (DT; 300 mg QD q2w), and 600 and 750 mg QD without DT in 28-day continuous dosing cycles. All doses except the first were given at night with dinner. Patient results through the 750 mg QD cohort are reported (data cut off 17 Aug 2015). Results: Patients received VT-464 without steroids at 600 mg QD+DT (n = 3), 600 mg QD (n = 8) or 750 mg QD (n = 9). Eight patients are on study in cycles 3-12. Most adverse events (AEs) were Grade (Gr) 1 or 2. Fourteen Gr 3 AEs were reported with 7 considered unrelated and 7 ≥ possibly related; 5 of the latter were in the 600 mg QD+DT cohort (bradycardia, hypotension, syncope, hypertension and hyponatremia) with 2 in non-DT cohorts (hypotension, bilateral lower leg weakness). No AEs ≥ Gr 4 were reported. One DLT occurred in the 600 mg QD+DT cohort (syncope). No mineralocorticoid excess syndrome, ACTH response changes, or increased LFTs were observed. Plasma T was below the LOQ (0.03nM) in 67% of patients, with progesterone and cortisol unchanged. Cmax was similar in all cohorts to 450 mg bid (de Bono et al, GU ASCO 2015) but AUC was decreased. All 4 TN patients had PSA declines at 600 mg QD including one 30% and one 50% response; there was one 50% response in the 600 mg QD+DT cohort. Both TN patients treated at 750 mg QD had > 50% response. Of 8 patients with ≥ 1 soft tissue target lesion and ≥ 1 post-baseline scan, 5 had stable disease and 1 had a partial response at Cycle 5. Conclusions: The VT-464 750 mg QD regimen demonstrated potent and selective CYP17 L inhibition and has been selected for all Ph 2 clinical studies based upon improved tolerability, PK and efficacy compared to bid+DT dosing (de Bono et al, GU ASCO 2015). Clinical trial information: NCT02361086.
Shore, ND; Nordquist, LT; Gupta, S; Fleming, MT; Berry, WR; Zhang, J; Kurman, MR; Eisner, JR; Moore, WR
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